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Oil Prices Rise After IEA Report

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International Energy Agency sees global oil stocks increasing before ‘dramatic reduction’

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U.S. oil prices rose to a fresh six-month high in topsy-turvy action with traders divided about whether the oil market is balancing faster than expected or on its way to another major retreat.

A report from the International Energy Agency was the one clear new catalyst in the market Thursday, but even it drew mixed interpretations. The Paris-based agency said global oil stocks will experience a “dramatic reduction” in the second half of the year, but also warned that they will continue to increase in the first half of the year as Iran ramps up its production, adding to the nearly two years of oversupply.

Oil prices initially rose on the report as many saw it as an affirmation of the recent 76% rally in crude prices and the signs that oversupply is waning. But the market also spent a good chunk of U.S. trading hours in retreat with brokers saying some traders took profits from recent gains or sold expecting that oil’s ascent to $50 a barrel will bring more producers selling into the market.

The crude markets ended higher for their third straight winning session. Light, sweet crude for June delivery settled up 47 cents at $46.70 a barrel on the New York Mercantile Exchange, the highest mark since November. Brent, the global benchmark, rose 48 cents, or 1%, to $48.08 a barrel on ICE Futures Europe.

Many traders already see the market in “rebalancing mode,” said Dominick Chirichella, analyst at the Energy Management Institute. The IEA’s report confirms that, and contradicts many bears who have predicted demand may not be strong enough to help absorb the oversupply, with strong demand gains in India, China and Russia, traders said. U.S. demand already set records in March.

“Demand is solid world-wide,” said Tim Rudderow, president of Mount Lucas Management, which oversees $1.6 billion in assets. “Even in the U.S., we have given up on high-mileage [per gallon] cars and jumped back into our trucks and SUVs.”

Production in most of the world continues to decline, the IEA said, led by falling output in the U.S. It added that recent outages in Nigeria, Ghana and Canada have exceeded 1.5 million barrels a day so far.

But it also said combined output of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries climbed in April to 32.76 million barrels a day, the highest since April 2008. The rise in Iran’s oil production and exports after the lifting of international sanctions has been faster than expected, the agency added. Iran increased daily oil output by 300,000 barrels in April to 3.56 million barrels a day, a level last achieved in November 2011.

“The market remains awash with oil as rising Middle Eastern output is more than offsetting declining U.S. shale production and the various temporary disruptions,” said Norbert Ruecker, head of commodities research at Julius Baer. The recent supply “disruptions are temporary, and we believe that support to price should remain short-lived.”

Gasoline futures rose 0.18 cent, or 0.1%, to $1.5833 a gallon. Diesel futures rose 0.27 cent, or 0.2%, to $1.3940 a gallon.

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